Psyche of children when teaching tennis
Individual characteristics of the psyche of children when teaching tennis
You can often observe psyche of children, during the warm-up before the match, young players quite skillfully perform kicks from the rebound, from the fly, smash, and give a lot. And they succeed, and the ball does not just hit the court, but very close to the lines. And so the match began. And where did the arsenal of dynamic strikes, shown during the warm-up, go? The ball is brought into play with a soft serve, and the receiver does not even try to take advantage of this and win a point with a strong shot. No activity with access to the grid. It all comes down to throwing the ball in half-candles without the risk of aggravating the game and thus making a mistake.
But victories at a young age at the expense of only the most reliable blows reduce the player’s potential. This habit takes root, and in the future impoverishes the tactical pattern of the game.
Why does competitive tension affect psyche of children so strongly, why do they play carefully, fearing risk?
One of the main reasons is the insufficient attention by coaches to the peculiarities of the psyche of their wards, as well as its adaptation in case of such stimuli as: an unsuccessful blow, an accurate blow of an opponent, flaws of the site, unfavorable external conditions (wind, blinding by sunlight or bright light in the hall) , referee errors, etc.
In the educational process, it is necessary to use an individual approach when determining the teaching method.
For children with a stable psyche
It is advisable to teach technical techniques in a parallel way. Introduce each new technical element in 2-4 lessons. About 70% of the training time is devoted to training punches for accuracy (three-quarters of the strength), focusing on mastering the correct movement, the rest of the time – on executing punches with maximum force.
In cases of an unstable child’s psyche
Use a sequential method, which assumes at first the alternate teaching of more complex techniques (flying strikes, twisted backhand, serve, smash), and only after the strike starts to work, proceed to the next (after 7-10 classes). With this method, 70% of the time should be devoted to strikes with maximum force and 30% – to execute strikes for accuracy.
The use of a parallel method with the predominant execution of punches for accuracy and technique in working with trainers with a hardy nervous system will allow them to master the entire arsenal of techniques and use it in competitions.
A consistent training method with an emphasis on the power of blows will help players with low endurance of the nervous system, first of all, master the most difficult elements of technique, teach them to competitive loads, which will allow them to play decisively and boldly in psychologically tense moments of the match.
In both cases, it is imperative to use a competitive form of training with stimulation. For example, when playing on an account, accrue double the number of points when:
acceptance of filing for departure;
reaching the net and subsequently winning a point;
hit after which the opponent is unable to reach the ball;
scoring a point after a shortened ball. I propose to discuss this issue in the “Comments”.